The Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) is an individually administered assessment of a child’s reading capabilities. It is a tool used by teachers to identify a students reading level, accuracy, fluency, and comprehension.
The DRA test is administered in the Fall and Spring at Providence. If a child is below benchmark in the Fall, another formal DRA will be adminstred in January. The test measures nine categories of reading behavior and six types of errors. The information gained from this assessment gives us a starting point for guided reading instruction groups, and helps us in guiding our students to find just right books to read on their own.
The DRA examines a child’s reading behaviors before, during and after reading. For our youngest readers, the assessment is focused heavily on phonemic awareness. This is a pre-cursor for reading. The test also examines fluency ( including accuracy, rate, and expression),as well as many levels of comprehension.
As teachers, we set goals for our readers. One of our goals involves tracking our DRA instructional groups on a monthly basis. By using a tracker we are able to measure growth in the crucial areas that are relevant to each reader.
It is important to remember that the DRA is just one of the many tools we are using to view your child as a reader.